When do I need an organization?
McCarthy, John D. and Mayer N. Zald. 1977. “Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory.” The American Journal of Sociology 82(6):1212-41.
Piven, Frances Fox and Richard A. Cloward. 1979. Poor People’s Movements: Why They Succeed and How They Fail. New York: Vintage Books.
Clemens, Elisabeth S. and Debra C. Minkoff. 2004. “Beyond the Iron Law: Rethinking the Place of Organizations in Social Movement Research.” Pp. 155-70 in The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements, edited by D. A. Snow, S. A. Soule and H. Kriesi. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Earl, Jennifer. 2014. “The Future of Social Movement Organizations: The Waning Dominance of SMOs Online.” American Behavioral Scientist 59(1):35-52.
We would like to thank the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for their support of the Youth Activism Project through the Youth and Participatory Politics Research Network.