In what ways do social movements make a difference?
Amenta, E., Carruthers, B. G., & Zylan, Y. 1992. “A hero for the aged? The Townsend Movement, the political mediation model, and US old-age policy, 1934-1950.” American Journal of Sociology, 98(2):308-339.
Giugni, M. G. 1998. “Was it worth the effort? The outcomes and consequences of social movements.” Annual review of sociology, 24:371-393.
Biggs, M., & Andrews, K. T. 2015. Protest Campaigns and Movement Success Desegregating the US South in the Early 1960s. American Sociological Review, 80(2):416-443.
For more research on the outcomes of social movements, check out this searchable, sortable database of outcomes research.
We would like to thank the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for their support of the Youth Activism Project through the Youth and Participatory Politics Research Network.