Wood, Leslie. 2012. Direct Action, Deliberation, and Diffusion: Collective Action after the WTO Protests in Seattle. Cambridge University Press.
The 1999 World Trade Organization Meetings in Seattle was a pivotal turning point for activists around the globe. It was a turning point, not only because outsiders brought the meetings themselves to a grind, but also because activists made innovative use of dramatic new tactics of resistance. These new and highly visible tactics included the Black Bloc, the use of Giant Puppets, the creating of Lockbox blockades, and practicing jail solidarity.
The Black Bloc is not an organization. Nor is it a group. It is a tactic that “involves dressing in black and masking one’s fact (often with a black bandanna), moving in tightly packed groups, and protecting members of the group from police encroachment through evasive maneuvers” (Wood, 34). Lockbox blockades are blockades in which activists lock themselves to each other and objects and jail solidarity entails a refusal to “cooperate with authorities during arrest and processing” (Wood, 37).
Why, Wood asks in the question that forms the heart of this Direct Action, Deliberation, and Diffusion, were activists in New York City more likely to adopt the use of the Seattle tactics than activists in Toronto? Both are the largest cities in their respective nations. Activists in each city had equal access to information about the tactics used in Seattle. Thus, that the tactical diffusion was so unequal, as Wood, shows, is by no means a given. Continue reading
Two recent articles both of which are critical of the Occupy movement provide a compelling case for why non-Indigenous activists should take greater care in talking about Decolonization.
Tuck, Eve and K. Wayne Yang. (2012). “Decolonization is not a metaphor” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society.1: 1-40.
Barker, Adam J. (2012). “Already Occupied: Indigenous Peoples, Settler Colonialism and the Occupy Movements in North America” Social Movement Studies. 11:327-334.
Among their many contributions, both articles deconstruct and critique the Occupy movement’s use of the following two images: Continue reading
Many of us who study collective action and social movements are interested in the processes through which preferred frames end up in the public sphere. Sometimes we also play a role in this process by commenting on events as they unfold. Often this commentary tends to be rather short – what one could call “talking heads” type of work. An expert is needed to fill out or legitimize a story about protest. Longer conversations get turned into a single quote from Professor X at the University of Y. Although rewarding, this kind of work also poses a number of challenges. Newspapers tend to re-write. Words put in quotations are not the same ones used in the actual conversation. Sometimes questions are asked about movements or regions that are beyond one’s area of expertise. Finally, there is the slippery slope between speaking about versus speaking on behalf of a group. Continue reading